August 6, 2020

States and Capitals of India: 28 States and 8 UT’s

There are 28 states and 8 union territories (UT’s) in India at present. All states have elected legislatures and governments, which are ruled by a Chief Minister. The union territories are directly ruled by the central government through appointed administrators except for Jammu and Kashmir, Puducherry, and the National Capital Territory of Delhi which has elected legislatures and government with some central government control. The elected chief minister has a five-year term.  Here we have covered the list of the Indian States, Union Territories, and their capitals.

List of States and Capitals of India

S No. States Name Capital
1
Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati
2
Arunachal Pradesh
Itanagar
3
Assam
Dispur
4
Bihar
Patna
5
Chhattisgarh
Raipur
6
Goa
Panaji
7
Gujarat
Gandhinagar
8
Haryana
Chandigarh
9
Himachal Pradesh

Shimla (Summer)
Dharamsala (Winter)

10
Jharkhand
Ranchi
11
Karnataka
Bengaluru / Bangalore
12
Kerala
Thiruvananthapuram
13
Madhya Pradesh
Bhopal
14
Maharashtra
Mumbai
15
Manipur
Imphal
16
Meghalaya
Shillong
17
Mizoram
Aizawl
18
Nagaland
Kohima
19
Odisha
Bhubaneswar
20
Punjab
Chandigarh
21
Rajasthan
Jaipur
22
Sikkim
Gangtok
23
Tamil Nadu
Chennai
24
Telangana
Hyderabad
25
Tripura
Agartala
26
Uttar Pradesh
Lucknow
27
Uttarakhand

Dehradun (Winter)
Gairsain (Summer)

28
West Bengal
Kolkata

Union Territories and Capitals

At Present India has 8 Union Territories. The UT’s of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh have been carved out of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.  The special status of Kashmir under Article 370  has been revoked by the government of India by passing the reorganization act on 5-6 August. Here is the list of Union Territories and Capitals of India.

S No. Union Territories Names Capital
1
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Port Blair
2
Chandigarh
Chandigarh
3
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu
Daman
4
Delhi
New Delhi
5
Jammu and Kashmir
Srinagar (Summer) Jammu (Winter)
6
Lakshadweep
Kavaratti
7
Puducherry
Pondicherry
8
Ladakh
Leh

States and Capitals : Important points and facts –

  • Andhra Pradesh is known as the Egg bowl of Asia, Kohinoor of India, and it has 2nd longest coastline in India.
  • Arunachal Pradesh is known as Land of Sunrise(India), Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains, Orchid State of India, Paradise of the Botanists, and Largest among the northeast state.
  • Guwahati city in Assam is called the Gateway to the North East. The first oil well in Asia was drilled in Assam and Assam is the largest producer of bamboos in India.       
  • India’s rice bowl – Chhattisgarh
  • Goa is the smallest state and richest state of India, it is also known as Pearl of the Orient.
  • Gujarat has the longest coastline of 1600KM in India. Gujarat is known as the Jewel of western India, Manchester of the East. It is the largest producer of cotton, the largest producer of salt, and the largest producer of groundnut in India.
  • Haryana – Milk Pail of India.     
  • Himachal Pradesh is known as the Fruit bowl of the country along with all season’s state, and apple state.
  • Jharkhand has immense mineral resources such as iron ore, uranium, pyrite, etc.
  • Karnataka is the major coffee producer in India.
  • Six Indian states, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh, have bicameral Legislatures.
  • Kerala is known as Spice Garden of India, God’s own Country, and Land of Backwaters.
  • Madhya Pradesh is one of the largest producers of Soybeans in India and also known as Heart of India.
  • Meghalaya (Shillong) – Scotland of the East.
  • Punjab is known as the land of Five rivers, Granary of India. 
  •  Maharashtra is the largest orange producing state in India.
  • The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert is in Rajasthan.
  • Sikkim is  India’s first organic state in India.
  • UP shares its boundary with max no. of states of India (9 states borders). It is the most populous state in India. It is also known as the Sugarcane bowl of India.
  • Uttarakhand is known as the land of Gods, It is often referred to as the “Devabhumi” (literally “Land of the Gods”) due to numerous Hindu temples and pilgrimage centers found throughout the state.
  • West Bengal is the largest producer of rice in India.
  • Chandigarh is known as the city of Beauty.

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