July 12, 2020

High Courts in India – Qualification & Appointment of Judges

There 25 High Courts in India. The High Court is the head of the Judiciary in the State. High Courts are headed by the Chief Justice and are appointed by the President. The Calcutta High Court is the oldest high court in the country which was established on 2 July 1862. Apart from Calcutta High Court, The Madras High Court in Chennai, Bombay High Court in Mumbai and Allahabad High Court in Prayagraj are among the oldest high courts in India. The Telangana High Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court are the newest high courts in India, established in the year 2019.  

List of High Courts in India

There are 25 High Courts in India. Below is the list of High Courts in India with the established year and seat & benches.

High Court Name Established Territorial Jurisdiction Seat
Allahabad High Court
1866
Uttar Pradesh
Allahabad (Bench at Lucknow)
Andhra Pradesh High Court
2019
Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati
Bombay High Court
1862
Maharastra, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Goa, Daman and Diu
Mumbai (Bench at Panaji, Aurangabad, and Nagpur)
Calcutta High Court
1862
West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Kolkata ( Bench at Port Blair, Jalpaiguri)
Chhattisgarh High Court
2000
Chhattisgarh
Bilaspur
Delhi High Court
1966
Delhi
Delhi
Gauhati High Court
1948
Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh
Guwahati (Bench at Kohima, Aizawl, and Itanagar)
Gujarat High Court
1960
Gujarat
Ahmedabad
Himachal Pradesh High Court
1971
Himachal Pradesh
Shimla
Jammu & Kashmir High Court
1928
Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh
Srinagar /Jammu
Jharkhand High Court
2000
Jharkhand
Ranchi
Karnataka High Court
1884
Karnataka
Bengaluru (Bench at Dharwad and Gulbarga)
Kerala High Court
1956
Kerala & Lakshadweep
Ernakulam
Madhya Pradesh High Court
1936
Madhya Pradesh
Jabalpur (Bench –Indore, Gwalior)
Madras High Court
1862
Tamil Nadu & Pondicherry
Chennai (Bench at Madurai)
Manipur High Court
2013
Manipur
Imphal
Meghalaya High Court
2013
Meghalaya
Shillong
Orissa High Court
1948
Odisha
Cuttack
Patna High Court
1916
Bihar
Patna
Punjab & Haryana High Court
1947
Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh
Chandigarh
Rajasthan High Court
1949
Rajasthan
Jodhpur ( Bench – Jaipur)
Sikkim High Court
1975
Sikkim
Gangtok
Telangana High Court
2019
Telangana
Hyderabad
Tripura High Court
2013
Tripura
Agartala
Uttarakhand High Court
2000
Uttarakhand
Nainital

Qualifications for the Judges -

  • He should be a citizen of India.
  • He must have held for at least 10 years a judicial office in the territory of India or experience of at least 10 years as an advocate of a high court or of two or more such courts in succession in India.

Appointment of the Judges -

  • The Judge of a High Court is appointed by the President.
  • President can consult the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the State, and also the Chief Justice of that High Court for the appointment of Judges in the High Court.

A High court Judge can leave his office -

  •  By Resignation – A judge can resign from his office by giving written resignation addressing to the President.
  • By removal by the President.
  • If he is appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court or being transferred to any other High court.
  • The mode of removal of a judge of the High Court is the same as that of a Judge of the Supreme Court.

Tenure and Salary of the High Court Judge -

  • Earlier the age of retirement of the judges of the high courts was 60 years but it was raised to 62 years (15th Constitutional Amendment).
  • The salary of the Chief Justice of a High Court is rupees 280,000/- per month and that of the other judges is rupees 250,000/- per month.

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